For most of human history, we have not needed to wonder who lives longer: men or women? However, towards the end of the 19th century, women suddenly began outliving men
There are many hypothesized reasons why women live longer than men. Therefore, this has been a fascinating area of research for many scientists.
With advances in clean water, antibiotics and education about nutrition, humans began living longer. But despite the changes that the 20th century brought, men still lagged behind women in life expectancy. Did the industrial revolution only benefit women?
Animals studies, however, showed some interesting counter-arguments to that. While the human animal is somewhat unique with its females outliving males, other species vary widely. Except for the apes. They obviously did not create for themselves an industrial revolution, but their females outlive males.
Information gathered from the Human Mortality Database reveals the known history of mortality based on sex
Collected data shows that as far back as 1751, in Sweden, women lived longer. 38 countries have all contributed records to the database, and it is unanimous that women live longer.
In fact, 90% of supercentenarians, that is, people who live beyond 100, are women. And data derived from Iceland showed that despite catastrophes such as volcanoes, disease epidemics, and famine, women still were living longer.
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