Trump Signs Defence Policy Bill with Watered-Down China Measures

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U.S. President Trump holds up the National Defense Authorization Act after signing it in front of soldiers at Fort Drum, New York
U.S. President Donald Trump holds up the National Defense Authorization Act after signing it in front of soldiers from the U.S. Army's 10th Mountain Division at Fort Drum, New York, U.S., August 13, 2018. REUTERS/Carlos Barria
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By Jeff Mason
FORT DRUM, N.Y. (Reuters)

U.S. President Donald Trump signed a $716 billion defence policy bill on Monday that authorizes military spending and includes watered-down controls on U.S. government contracts with China’s ZTE Corp and Huawei Technologies Co Ltd.

Trump signed the law at the U.S. Army’s Fort Drum base in upstate New York on his way back to Washington after a 12-day working vacation at his golf club in New Jersey. The bill was named for one of Trump’s political critics, the ailing U.S. Senator John McCain of Arizona, but he did not mention McCain’s name.

McCain said in a statement he was “humbled” the bill was named after him, adding that it will address “a growing array of threats.”

 

U.S. President Trump gives thumbs up posing with troops during visit to Fort Drum, New York
President Donald Trump gives a thumbs up as he poses with soldiers and U.S. Army Major General Walter “Walt” Piatt, the Commanding General of the Army’s 10th Mountain Division and Fort Drum. The NDAA does strengthen the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS), which reviews proposed foreign investments to weigh whether they threaten national security. That measure was seen as targeting China.
REUTERS/Carlos Barria

 

Trump later made a reference to McCain at a political fundraiser in Utica, New York, knocking him – as Trump does repeatedly – for voting against a bill to repeal parts of President Barack Obama’s signature healthcare reform law last year.

Even though Trump said the bill “is the most significant investment in our military and our war-fighters in modern history,” Obama’s first three defence budgets were larger, when adjusted for inflation, according to Todd Harrison at the Washington-based Center for Strategic and International Studies.

 

WEAK ON CHINA

Some lawmakers wanted to use the bill to reinstate tough sanctions on ZTE to punish the company for illegally shipping products to Iran and North Korea, but the restrictions included in the final National Defense Authorization Act, or NDAA, that passed Congress were weaker than earlier versions of the bill.

 

 

Trump has lifted an earlier ban on U.S. companies selling to ZTE, allowing China’s second-largest telecommunications equipment maker to resume business and putting him at odds with both Republican and Democratic lawmakers.

Leaders of U.S. intelligence agencies have said they are concerned that ZTE, Huawei Technologies Co Ltd and some other Chinese companies are beholden to the Chinese government or Communist Party, raising the risk of espionage.

 

U.S. Army troops listen as President Trump speaks before signing the National Defense Authorization Act at Fort Drum, New York
U.S. Army 10th Mountain Division troops listen as President Donald Trump speaks before signing the National Defense Authorization Act. Trump signed the law at the U.S. Army’s Fort Drum base in upstate New York on his way back to Washington after a 12-day working vacation at his golf club in New Jersey. REUTERS/Carlos Barria

 

In response to the bill, Huawei said in a statement to Reuters, “Huawei supports the US government’s goals for better security, but this random addition to the NDAA is ineffective, misguided, and unconstitutional.”

“It does nothing to identify real security risks or improve supply chain security, and will only serve to stifle innovation while increasing internet costs for US consumers and businesses,” Huawei said.

 

U.S. President Trump observes a demonstration with troops and helicopters as he visits Fort Drum, New York
U.S. President Donald Trump talks with U.S. Army Major General Walter “Walt” Piatt, the Commanding General of the Army’s 10th Mountain Division and Fort Drum as the president observes a demonstration with U.S. Army 10th Mountain Division troops, artillery and helicopters at Fort Drum, New York, U.S., August 13, 2018. REUTERS/Carlos Barria

 

The White House opposed putting stronger measures against the companies in the bill, and the measures were softened before lawmakers held their final vote.

The NDAA does strengthen the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS), which reviews proposed foreign investments to weigh whether they threaten national security. That measure was seen as targeting China.

 

U.S. President Trump pumps fist after signing National Defense Authorization Act at Fort Drum, New York
U.S. President Donald Trump pumps his fist after signing the National Defense Authorization Act in front of soldiers from the U.S. Army’s 10th Mountain Division at Fort Drum, New York, U.S., August 13, 2018. REUTERS/Carlos Barria

 

Separately, the NDAA authorizes spending $7.6 billion for 77 F-35 Joint Strike Fighter jets, made by Lockheed Martin Corp .

The bill also directs the Secretary of Defense to study whether Turkey‘s planned deployment of the Russian-made S-400 missile defence system will risk the security of several U.S.-made weapons used by Turkey, including the F-35 jet.

 

U.S. President Trump observes a demonstration with troops, an attack helicopter and artillery as he visits Fort Drum, New York
U.S. President Donald Trump observes a demonstration with U.S. Army 10th Mountain Division troops, an attack helicopter and artillery as he visits Fort Drum, New York, U.S., August 13, 2018. REUTERS/Carlos Barria

 

The mandate to produce a study came after an earlier version proposed to bar the delivery of F-35s to Turkey.

Prior to the ceremony Trump watched an air assault demonstration by U.S. troops at Fort Drum.

 

(Reporting by Jeff Mason in Fort Drum, New York, Patricia Zengerle, Phil Stewart and Mike Stone in Washington, and Sijia Jiang in HONG KONG; editing by James Dalgleish & Simon Cameron-Moore)

 

Storm clouds gather over the White House in Washington, D.C.
Storm clouds gather over the White House in Washington, D.C., U.S. August 13, 2018. REUTERS/Leah Millis
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