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By Juan Medina and Miguel Gutierrez
GUADALAJARA, Spain (Reuters)

The remains of 22 people killed in the months following Spain’s 1936-39 civil war were handed over to relatives in a ceremony in Guadalajara on Saturday after investigations into a suspected mass grave unearthed the victims

Hundreds took part in the handover following an exhumation at a cemetery thought to contain as many as 800 victims of political violence during the almost four-decade dictatorship of General Francisco Franco that followed the war.

 

Boxes containing the remains of some of the 22 people who were shot between 1939 and 1940 by forces of dictator Francisco Franco are seen during a ceremony in Guadalajara
Boxes containing the remains of some of the 22 people who were shot between 1939 and 1940 by forces of dictator Francisco Franco are seen during a ceremony in Guadalajara, Spain, May 19 , 2018. REUTERS/Juan Medina

 

The ceremony, in which the remains were handed to families in simple wooden boxes covered by a red velvet cloth and topped with a white carnation and a photo of the deceased, was a solemn event that also helped draw a line under years of uncertainty.

 

A box that contains personal effects of Valentin Alcantarilla Mercado who was shot in 1940 by forces of dictator Francisco Franco is seen during a ceremony to delivery of the remains of 22 people who were shot between 1939 and 1940 by forces of dictator Fr
A box that contains personal effects of Valentin Alcantarilla Mercado who was shot in 1940 by forces of dictator Francisco Franco is seen during a ceremony to delivery of the remains of 22 people who were shot between 1939 and 1940 by forces of dictator Francisco Franco in Guadalajara, Spain, May 19 , 2018. REUTERS/Juan Medina

 

“This has brought us a sense of calm. We feel better because, at the end of the day, although they’re longer alive, we have their bodies which are ours and which we have the right to have where we want and where they should be, in their own town,” said Maria Angeles Ortega Gonzalo, after receiving the remains of Casto Mercado Molada, her brother-in-law’s grandfather.

 

A relative of Isidoro Lozano Moreda who was shot in 1939 by forces of dictator Francisco Franco carries his remains during a ceremony in Guadalajara
A relative of Isidoro Lozano Moreda who was shot in 1939 by forces of dictator Francisco Franco carries his remains during a ceremony in Guadalajara, Spain, May 19 , 2018. REUTERS/Juan Medina

 

Her own grandfather, also known to be amongst those at the site, has yet to be identified, she said.

The families planned to give their loved ones a proper burial at cemeteries across the area later on Saturday.

 

Members of the Association for the Recovery of Historical Memory take part in the exhumation of Valentin Alcantarilla Mercado who was shot in 1940 by forces of dictator Francisco Franco in Guadalajara's cemetery
Members of the Association for the Recovery of Historical Memory (ARMH) take part in the exhumation of Valentin Alcantarilla Mercado who was shot in 1940 by forces of dictator Francisco Franco in Guadalajara’s cemetery, Spain, January 22, 2016. REUTERS/Juan Medina

 

The resting place of many killed across the country are still unknown, though the Association for the Recovery of Historical Memory (ARMH) has documented 114,226 cases of men and women buried in mass graves around Spain.

 

A member of the Association for the Recovery of Historical Memory (ARMH) takes part in the exhumation of Vicente Espliego Andres who was shot in 1939 by forces of dictator Francisco Franco in Guadalajara's cemetery
A member of the Association for the Recovery of Historical Memory (ARMH) takes part in the exhumation of Vicente Espliego Andres who was shot in 1939 by forces of dictator Francisco Franco in Guadalajara’s cemetery, Spain, May 29, 2017. REUTERS/Juan Medina

 

In an effort to ease the transition to democracy in 1977 after Franco’s death, Spain passed an amnesty law pardoning political crimes committed during the conflict and the dictatorship in an accord known as the “Pact of Forgetting”.

 

The remains of the bodies of Tomas Escamilla Rebollo and his brother Manuel Escamilla Rebollo who were shot in 1939 by forces of dictator Francisco Franco are seen in Guadalajara's cemetery
The remains of the bodies of Tomas Escamilla Rebollo and his brother Manuel Escamilla Rebollo who were shot in 1939 by forces of dictator Francisco Franco are seen in Guadalajara’s cemetery, Spain, January 28, 2016. REUTERS/Juan Medina

 

Since then, some have fought to unearth family members who were killed and dumped in unmarked mass graves. The Guadalajara site was opened on the orders of an Argentine judge in a lawsuit seeking redress for crimes committed during the war and the years that followed.

 

People carry boxes containing the remains of 22 people who were shot between 1939 and 1940 by forces of dictator Francisco Franco during a ceremony in Guadalajara
People carry boxes containing the remains of 22 people who were shot between 1939 and 1940 by forces of dictator Francisco Franco during a ceremony in Guadalajara, Spain, May 19 , 2018. REUTERS/Juan Medina

 

Historians estimate about half a million combatants and civilians were killed on the Republican and Nationalist sides in the war, while tens of thousands of Franco’s enemies were later killed or imprisoned in a campaign to wipe out dissent.

 

(Writing by Paul Day, Editing by William Maclean)

 

 

A member of the Association for the Recovery of Historical Memory takes part in the exhumation of Casto Mercado Molada who was shot in 1939 by forces of dictator Francisco Franco in Guadalajara's cemetery
A member of the Association for the Recovery of Historical Memory (ARMH) takes part in the exhumation of Casto Mercado Molada who was shot in 1939 by forces of dictator Francisco Franco in Guadalajara’s cemetery, Spain, January 29, 2016. REUTERS/Juan Medina

 

A member of the Association for the Recovery of Historical Memory takes part in the exhumation of Casto Mercado Molada who was shot in 1939 by forces of dictator Francisco Franco in Guadalajara's cemetery
A member of the Association for the Recovery of Historical Memory (ARMH) holds a picture of Vicente Espliego Andres who was shot in 1939 by forces of dictator Francisco Franco during the exhumation in Guadalajara’s cemetery, Spain, May 30, 2017. REUTERS/Juan Medina

 

A member of the Association for the Recovery of Historical Memory takes part in the exhumation of Casto Mercado Molada who was shot in 1939 by forces of dictator Francisco Franco in Guadalajara's cemetery
A member of the Association for the Recovery of Historical Memory (ARMH) takes part in the exhumation of Pedro Parra Toledo who was shot in 1939 by forces of dictator Francisco Franco in Guadalajara’s cemetery, Spain, January 28, 2016. REUTERS/Juan Medina

 

Members of the Association for the Recovery of Historical Memory take part in the exhumation of Casto Mercado Molada who was shot in 1939 by forces of dictator Francisco Franco in Guadalajara's cemetery
Members of the Association for the Recovery of Historical Memory (ARMH) take part in the exhumation of Casto Mercado Molada who was shot in 1939 by forces of dictator Francisco Franco in Guadalajara’s cemetery, Spain, January 29, 2016. REUTERS/Juan Medina

 

A member of the Association for the Recovery of Historical Memory shows a handmade dice found in the grave of Eugenio Molina Morato who was shot in 1939 by forces of dictator Francisco Franco in Guadalajara's cemetery
A member of the Association for the Recovery of Historical Memory (ARMH) shows a handmade dice found in the grave of Eugenio Molina Morato who was shot in 1939 by forces of dictator Francisco Franco in Guadalajara’s cemetery, Spain, May 31, 2017. REUTERS/Juan Medina