Cooperative medical study uncovers cause and treatment for autism
Jun-ryeol Huh is a faculty member at Harvard Medical School. Gloria is an assistant professor in the field of neuroscience at MIT. Jun-ryeol Huh married Gloria Choi . Together they have identified the cause of autism. They continue to test potential techniques in prevention and reversing the disorder, in experiments with mice. This month these recent research studies were published in the science journal, “Nature.”
Science Journal Nature reveals cure for autism study
The couple unraveled certain strains of bacteria found in a pregnant mother’s digestive tract. In response to the digestive tract infection, white blood cells accumulate in a portion of the brain. “Patches” is the term used for a particular part of the brain which is responsible for the behaviors exhibited in autism. Once these cells communicate with the brain, irregularities cause the “patches” or autism.
In the lab, Choi and Huh treated mice with antibiotics to clear the infection in the mother. Once the infection was eliminated, the autistic behaviors such as inhibition and excitation disappeared.
Interneuron cells that manufacture protein are responsible for some of the behaviors seen in autism because of how it affects the brain. When the production of these neurons in the region of the brain was out of balance, the autistic behaviors were present. Nevertheless, once balance was regained, the patches returned to normal. Research marked the change in both directions. The study was conclusive because the scientists were able to take away the symptoms as well as induce them.
That is remarkable
The researchers looked for an explanation why not all mothers who experience infection during pregnancy have autistic children. They found one specific strand of harmless bacteria in the fetus which signaled the development of abnormalities. Prescribed antibiotics killed the strain of bacteria. Consequently, the mice gave birth to normal pups.
Combining the two professions of immunology and neurobiology created a synergy and support in the lab and research. The cooperation between the two departments sustains mutual benefit.
The awareness that comes from this study is memorable
First, the complementary professions working together supported the research from many angles. Documentation is critical from all angles in a study like this one. The ramifications of this discovery are not only in the area of autism. These two disciplines can delve together into what in the past was unsolvable scientific questions. It serves as an example that if many sciences work together, bringing knowledge, innovation, and creativity, the exciting discoveries could be limitless.
Moreover, the connection of seemingly minor infection during pregnancy could have serious effects on a fetus. A study in this area could probe many DNA abnormalities we see during pregnancy and after birth.
This riveting revelation might even help to cure the many autistic children who struggle daily with behavioral abnormalities. A cure is devastatingly more effective than drugs to promote, prolong and progress illness. A simple antibiotic targeting a bacteria taken for a limited period is cosmically more effective treatment.
Our goals should be prevention and full cure from illness, nothing less
Meanwhile, a ban on all progressive drugs must be taken into consideration. The cooperation of scientific study promoted for complete recovery encouraging and leading us forward is revolutionary.