CAESAREA, Israel (Reuters)

A 1,800-year-old mosaic of toga-clad men dating back to the Roman era has been unearthed in Israel, archaeologists said on Thursday

The mosaic was discovered during the excavation of a building from the Byzantine period – some 300 years younger than the mosaic it was on top of – in the coastal city of Caesarea.

 

An Israel Antiquities Authority worker holds a bucket while cleaning a mosaic floor decorated with figures, which archaeologists say is 1,800 years old and was unearthed during an excavation in Caesarea
An Israel Antiquities Authority worker holds a bucket while cleaning a mosaic floor decorated with figures, which archaeologists say is 1,800 years old and was unearthed during an excavation in Caesarea, Israel February 8, 2018. REUTERS/Nir Elias

 

“The surprise was actually that we found two beautiful monuments from the glorious days of Caesarea,” Peter Gendelman, co-director of excavation for the Israel Antiquities Authority, told Reuters of the building and mosaic.

Caesarea was a vibrant Roman metropolis built in honor of Emperor Augustus Caesar by King Herod, who ruled Judea from 37 BC until his death in 4 BC.

 

An Israel Antiquities Authority worker stands next to a mosaic floor which archaeologists say is 1,800 years old and was unearthed during an excavation in Caesarea
An Israel Antiquities Authority worker stands next to a mosaic floor which archaeologists say is 1,800 years old and was unearthed during an excavation in Caesarea, Israel February 8, 2018. REUTERS/Nir Elias

 

The excavated portion of the mosaic, which the antiquities authority said was 3.5 meters by 8 meters in size, depicts three toga-clad men, as well as geometric patterns and an inscription in Greek, which is damaged.

If the mosaic came from a mansion, the figures could have been the owners, or if it was a public building, they may have been the mosaic’s donors or members of the city council, Gendelman said.

 

An Israel Antiquities Authority worker cleans a mosaic floor decorated with a figure, which archaeologists say is 1,800 years old and was unearthed during an excavation in Caesarea
An Israel Antiquities Authority worker cleans a mosaic floor decorated with a figure, which archaeologists say is 1,800 years old and was unearthed during an excavation in Caesarea, Israel February 8, 2018. REUTERS/Nir Elias

 

The mosaic was of a high artistic standard, with about 12,000 stones per square meter, the antiquities authority said.

Israel is undertaking the largest conservation and reconstruction project in the country in the Caesarea National Park, the antiquities team said. The project aims to reconstruct a Crusaders-era bridge.

 

(Reporting by Rami Amichai; Writing by Mark Hanrahan in London; Editing by Alison Williams)

 

 

Israel Antiquities Authority workers clean a mosaic floor decorated with figures, which archaeologists say is 1,800 years old and was unearthed during an excavation in Caesarea
Israel Antiquities Authority workers clean a mosaic floor decorated with figures, which archaeologists say is 1,800 years old and was unearthed during an excavation in Caesarea, Israel February 8, 2018. REUTERS/Nir Elias

 

An Israel Antiquities Authority worker looks at a mosaic floor decorated with figures, which archaeologists say is 1,800 years old and was unearthed during an excavation in Caesarea
An Israel Antiquities Authority worker looks at a mosaic floor decorated with figures, which archaeologists say is 1,800 years old and was unearthed during an excavation in Caesarea, Israel February 8, 2018. REUTERS/Nir Elias