There are numerous mysteries about the universe that scientists still have no solutions or reasons.
Scientists cannot grasp an understanding about many mysteries contained within our universe. And it is possible that the limits of the human mind will always cloud our ability to find many elusive answers.
Nevertheless, humans are insatiably curious, and these questions remain hot topics that drive many people into scientific fields. Why humans are curious on such an advanced level compared to other creatures on earth, is also a mystery we haven’t solved.
Below we list some of the most surprising mysteries that scientists have not yet been able to solve. Such things you may assume that they have answers for, but in truth, they don’t.
1. Scientists Cannot Fully Explain Water
You would assume that scientists would now fully understand the most prevailing molecule in the cosmos. But they don’t.
Water remains mysterious to scientists. The reason for this is because water appears to make up its own rules. For example, when liquids become solid, they become heavier. Water, however, becomes lighter and floats.
Scientists are also not sure how exactly water evaporates, why ice is slippery, or why hot water freezes faster than cold water. All of these anomalies defy the regular rules of physics.
2. Scientists Cannot Fully Explain Gravity
Scientists cannot tell you what gravity is. Some have suggested it is waves, but the jury is out still. The jury appears to be between the theory of relativity and quantum theory.
If gravity is a force, it behaves extremely differently to other forces. Every force has an opposite force that responds. For every action, there is a reaction. However, with gravity, this is not the case.
Gravity cannot be quantized either. At least this is the prevailing assumption currently held by quantum physicists. And Physicists don’t appear to be able to find a connection between gravity and the other fundamental forces such as nuclear and electromagnetic.
Scientists can, however, explain very neatly how gravity works. Why it works, and where it originated remains a complete mystery.
3. Scientists Cannot Fully Explain Time
Scientists even wonder if time even exists – is it merely a concept that our brains have invented? Is time an illusion?
The reason time could be considered an illusion is because none of us experience time in the same way. The most dramatic example of this is how astronauts age more slowly when they are in space. On earth, time, in fact, moves faster.
Another one of the mysteries about time is that it appears only to go forward. Time seems to be outside of the 3-dimensions we are familiar with. In fact, some scientists refer to it as the 4th dimension. In fact, time appears to go more slowly when gravity is present.
4. Scientists Cannot Fully Explain What is At the Bottom of the Ocean
Scientists know more about outer space than they do about Earth’s oceans. In fact, scientists have only mapped around 0.05% of all of our ocean’s floors. So far they cannot successfully use satellites for further mapping, as the density of the water does not allow radio waves to penetrate successfully.
In truth, humans have technically mapped the entire ocean floor. However, it is only to a resolution of approximately 5km. In other words, 95% of the details of the seafloor are severely blurred and indecipherable.
What this means is that we have more understanding of the surface of Venus and Mars, than we do about the vast submerged surfaces of our own planet. Who knows what mysteries are lurking down there?
5. Scientists Cannot Fully Explain the Mind and Consciousness
When you ask scientists what the connection between the mind and the brain is, they will only really be able to explain what they know about the brain. The mind, however, is more elusive. Scientists will always disagree on its definition.
The brain is a physical organ that extends throughout the entire body via the nervous system. However, the best explanation of the mind, according to neurologist Dan Siegel is that it is “an embodied and relational emergent process that regulates the flow of energy and information.”
Siegel also asserts that the mind is not just neural output. In other words, the brain is more of a processor. It is essentially receiver of stimuli that it translates. Without external relationships with energy and information, the brain will not function. The mind is not independent, and an island inside our skulls.
In other words, the brain, quite possibly, is just an interface for consciousness.
6. Scientists Cannot Fully Explain Space
It would seem obvious that scientists have not fully grasped all there is to know about space, even within the 3 – 4 dimensions we are familiar with. However, what is more, mysterious about space is that there appear to be up to 11 dimensions.
What this means is that there are dimensions that we are incapable of perceiving, as our limited perception seems trapped within an experience of only 3-4 dimensions. The 4th dimension assumed to be time, is already elusive and beyond much of our perception.
Scientists have seen hints of further dimensions when they have observed particles that disappear suddenly from the universe only to suddenly reappear in an entirely different place.
An interesting story was penned in 1883 by Edwin Abbott about this concept. He wrote a novel entitled “Flatland” which described how a 2-dimensional object would experience a 3-dimensional object suddenly appearing in its world. To 2-dimensional Mr. Square, a carrot passing through his universe would resemble a succession of orange circles suddenly growing larger and then disappearing.